Brazilian Jiu Jitsu

Jiu jitsu is different from other martial arts in that daily classes are not characterized by kicking or punching. Instead, grappling is the main activity and is a safe way to build self-defense skills in a friendly environment.

BJJ practitioners wear a gi, which is made from heavy cotton with drawstring pants and colored belts to mark rank. The jacket must be able to close and the sleeves must reach the wrist when the arms are extended. 

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BJJ combines elements of judo with grappling, and adapts techniques to allow a smaller fighter to defend themselves against a larger opponent. It is often used in MMA, and many of the champions in that sport have a background in BJJ. The Gracie brothers were instrumental in growing the martial art, and their students carry on their legacy today.

BJJ is a great workout and can burn up to 1,000 calories per session. The warmups typically include jogging and calisthenics, and the exercises can help you build endurance and strength. The sport can also help you improve your mental health and self-defense skills.

A BJJ practitioner’s gi is a key part of their equipment, and it needs to be well-fitting. The gi is designed to be flexible and durable, but it should not restrict movement. It can also be worn to provide extra protection during practice, as it covers the arms and legs.

BJJ practitioners should always wear clean clothing, as it can be a messy martial arts discipline. They should also avoid wearing any jewelry or piercings, as these can get caught in the mats and cause injuries. In addition, it is important to wash the gi frequently. The material used for the gi can affect its durability and breathability. The most popular type is pearl weave, which is lightweight and durable.


Like most martial arts, the belts worn by jiu jitsu fighters are indicative of their rank. This progression is not overseen by one particular organisation, but left to the qualified instructor to evaluate based on a number of criteria including time spent at each level and age.

The kids' BJJ belt system is designed to allow children to develop a strong foundation in the martial art, while also developing a love for the sport that will last a lifetime. For this reason, the kids' ranks are different from those of adults (16+).

A black belt in BJJ represents the highest level of proficiency in the martial art. Those that have reached this rank have forged a path of mastery through years of dedication and unwavering commitment to the sport. The journey to black belt entails overcoming many challenges and is the result of both technical and physical prowess.

Gracie alumnus and red belt Master Deoclecio Paulo, also known as "Mestre Deo", is a well-known figure in the world of BJJ, having brought jiu jitsu to Chile in the 1970s. A direct descendant of the Oswaldo Fadda lineage, he is the founder of the Associacao Deo Jiu Jitsu.

The purple belt is an intermediate adult ranking in Brazilian jiu jitsu, with students at this level considered to be qualified to assist instructors with instructing lower-ranked students. The purple belt is awarded after the successful completion of a minimum of two years ranked as blue belt, according to IBJJF rules.


BJJ is a martial art and combat sport that focuses on grappling and ground fighting, either with or without a gi. Its techniques are based on the principle that smaller, weaker opponents can control larger, stronger ones using leverage and submission holds. BJJ is often referred to as “human chess” because it requires high levels of strategy and foresight to be effective.

One of the most common techniques in Brazilian jiu jitsu is the armbar. This submission move involves wrapping the opponent’s arm and applying pressure to their elbow joint. It is a fundamental technique that beginners should learn and practice. Another important jiu jitsu technique is the Kimura lock, which is a submission that uses traction and control to pass an opponent’s guard.

It is also important to learn the different sweeps and reversals that are used in BJJ. For example, the shrimp sweep is a great way to sweep your opponent from a bad position. To do this, start on your back with your feet as close to your butt as possible and then use traction from your legs to bump your hips forward.

Jiu jitsu is a complex martial art that involves many different techniques and positions. It is important to focus on the basics and master these before you try advanced techniques. Also, remember to always be safe when practicing these techniques with a partner. A single mistake can lead to a broken bone or even death.


BJJ is not a striking art, and it does not seek to knock out or damage an opponent. Instead, it relies on positioning and leverage to neutralize an opponent and put them at a disadvantage. This makes it a great self-defense martial art, and a great choice for kids since it has a lower risk of injury than many other forms of combat. It also uses submission techniques, rather than punching or kicking, which reduces the likelihood of head trauma.

The Gracie family created the sport of Brazilian jiu jitsu, and it is now one of the most popular martial arts in the world. The rigour of the training, low injury rate, and societal values rooted in Brazilian culture have allowed it to carve out a niche for itself as a competitive sport.

It is important to understand the rules of a BJJ match before you compete. It is essential to know the rules so that you can avoid penalties during the match. For example, it is illegal to slam an opponent and you must always be aware of your own position during the match. You must keep your hands off the face and body of your opponent, which means that you cannot grab them or twist their fingers.

Most competitions follow the IBJJF rules of jiu jitsu. These are considered the safest set of rules, so beginners should look for competitions that abide by these rules. It is also illegal to strike an opponent in a jiu jitsu match, so you should not kick or punch your opponent.

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